Mexican Senate approves to remove immunity from presidents and legislators


With 111 votes in favor and one against, the plenary session of the Upper House approved the amendment to articles 108 and 111 of the Constitution.

With 111 votes in favor and one against, the plenary session  of the Senate of the Republic approved the amendment to articles 108 and 111 of the Political Constitution of the country in matters of jurisdiction, both for the President of the Republic and for deputies. federal and senators.

The opinion of the joint commissions of Constitutional Points, Governance and Second Legislative Studies was defended by several parties, although Movimiento Ciudadano had presented a particular vote that was not allowed to be discussed in the rostrum.

When presenting the opinion before the plenary, the president of the Commission of Constitutional Points, Eduardo Ramírez, said that with this initiative sent by the Executive, the citizen’s requirement to curb corruption is met.

In turn, the president of the Second Legislative Studies Committee, Ana Lilia Rivera, said that this reform implies that the federal executive and deputies and senators may be tried for treason and serious crimes.

But also, it abounded, for violation, electoral crimes, corruption, disappearance of people, crimes in the matter of firearms and explosives and crimes in the matter of hydrocarbons, petroleum or petrochemicals, which expands the catalog of crimes to judge these public workers.

On the other hand, the president of the Commission of the Interior, Cristóbal Arias, explained that it is a matter of reforming article 108 so that the President and the federal legislators can be tried during the time of their assignment for the crimes established in Article 109 of the Constitution. .

In addition, detailed that article 111 is modified with respect to the procedure of the trial of origin, to end the impunity of senior officials, as offered by President Andrés Manuel López Obrador campaign.

In favor of the opinion, argued the coordinators of the Social Meeting (PES), Sasil de León, and the Democratic Revolution (PRD), Miguel Ángel Mancera.

The latter highlighted the advantage of having expanded the catalog of crimes for which the president can be judged, as well as the precision that is gained in the drafting of the constitutional article in this comprehensive reform.

On behalf of the National Action Party, Senator Indira Rosales Sanromán said her party would vote in favor of the presidential initiative, because the number of crimes for which the president and federal legislators can be tried is broadened.

He called on his peers to discuss the nine initiatives of all the parliamentary groups that are pending. “We are in favor of a serious discussion on the issue,” he said.

Both the PRI, the PVEM, PT and Morena, advanced their votes in favor, but Samuel García Sepúlveda, of Movimiento Ciudadano, complained that his party was not allowed to present the private vote that he signed in conjunction with Dante Delgado. , Noé Castañón and Clemente Castañeda.

Although it advanced the vote in favor of the opinion it is a trap, because it does not eliminate the jurisdiction, but it establishes a double jurisdiction.

Meanwhile, the independent senator Emilio Álvarez Icaza advanced his vote against (the only one there was) because, he said, it was better the proposal of MC that was not discussed and the reform involves a “shielding the jurisdiction”, in addition to not respecting the presumption of innocence.

After the discussion in general and without discussion in particular, the vote was taken to conclude with 111 votes in favor and one against. The senator from Morena, Lucia Meza, tried to vote after the electronic board had been closed and her vote was no longer counted.

Source. Notimex

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