Syphilis cases increase more than 60% in Mexico


According to data from the  General Directorate of Epidemiology, during 2016 three thousand 602 cases of acquired syphilis were recorded and by 2018 five thousand 809, which represents an increase of 61.27 percent in just three years.

While, according to information from the epidemiological week number 50 of 2019, which comprises from December 8 to 14, six thousand 904 cases have been registered, an increase of 18 percent over the previous year, however, it should be noted that the data This years are preliminary and include probable cases.

In addition, the incidence (the number of new cases among every 100,000 inhabitants older than one year) increased by almost two points from 3 in 2016 to 4.72 in 2018.

The highest incidence of this disease, from 2016 to 2018, was recorded in the  State of Colima, followed by  Baja California, it was also higher in men and at an age of 20 to 24 years in both male and female populations.

According to the  National Library of Medicine of the  United States,  syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease, although it can also pass from the mother to the baby during pregnancy, which infects the genital area, lips, mouth or anus because of the bacteria  Treponema pallidum.

This disease has three stages: primary, secondary and tertiary; In the first one there is a small open sore or painless sore on the genitals, mouth, skin or rectum that heals on its own in three to six weeks.

The second stage, which begins four to eight weeks after primary syphilis, can cause a rash, usually on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet, fever, hair loss, vision changes, muscle, and joint pain. , among others.

Only in people who do not receive treatment tertiary syphilis develops, where the symptoms depend on which organs have been affected, some effects can be damage to the heart that causes aneurysms or valvulopathy, disorders of the central nervous system and tumors in the skin, bones or liver.

Although information from the medical library indicates that syphilis can be treated with antibiotics, this sexually transmitted disease can spread very quickly between the primary and secondary stages.

Source: pmxportal

The Mazatlan Post