WE BELIEVE IT MATTERS
Because it is not the first time that Mexico gives asylum to persecuted politicians of any ideology
Evo Morales is already in Mexico thanks to the political asylum granted by President Andrés Manuel López Obrador.
And although the decision of the Mexican government has caused controversy over the way Morales resigned from the Presidency of Bolivia, the tradition of asylum has been something that has always characterized Mexico.
We present some characters that have received this benefit.
1. GIUSEPPE GARIBALDI
Yes, Plaza Garibaldi is named for this character who was a political asylum in Mexico.
Guiseppe Garibaldi arrived in Mexico in 1911 after having fought in Greece during the war of that country against Turkey, in addition to participating in the Balkan War.
Already in America, Giuseppe was also in the Liberating Revolution undertaken in Venezuela against Cipriano Castro. In Mexico, the Australian with Italian ancestry who was baptized as “Peppino” also took up arms and joined the Maderista army.
2. JOSÉ MARTÍ
The Cuban poet is considered the ideologist of the Independence of Cuba, and years later he served as an inspiration to Fidel Castro to begin the Cuban Revolution.
He arrived in Mexico in 1875 after he suffered an exile from Spain in the form of ‘punishment’ for his independence support in Cuba, his political asylum lasted approximately one year.
3. VÍCTOR HAYA DE LA TORRE
This Peruvian politician and activist was an opponent of the Augusto Leguía regime, which is why he was banished in 1922. Before arriving in Mexico, he passed through Panama and Cuba, and it was until 1923, when he received the invitation of José Vasconcelos, then secretary of Education, to enter our country and help you with some tasks.
Haya de la Torre created in Mexico the American Revolutionary Popular Alliance, a movement whose main objective was to rescue the indigenous and form “Indo-America” with several Latin American forces.
4. LION TROTSKY
In 1929, Leon Trotsky, one of the architects of the Russian Revolution of 1917, was exiled from his country when Yosif Stalin took power. The revolutionary got asylum in Norway; however, there were complaints that Trotsky maintained political activities that violated the legislation of the asylees, so on December 18, 1936 he left that country.
Trotsky’s influence was not only present in Europe, but extended to Latin America and it was thanks to the intervention of the painter Diego Rivera, who belonged to the Internationalist Communist League, that President Lázaro Cárdenas agreed to grant political asylum to the Ukrainian .
Trotsky arrived in our country on January 11, 1937 and was killed in 1940.
5. LEON FELIPE
The Spanish poet arrived in our country in 1922 thanks to the invitation of the poet Alfonso Reyes. He worked as a librarian in Veracruz and years later decided to return to Spain; However, the Civil War broke out and in 1938 he was definitively exiled in Mexico where he became a cultural attaché of the Spanish Republic’s embassy in exile, only then recognized by the Government of Cárdenas.
6. HÉCTOR JOSÉ CAMPORA
Campora came to power thanks to the “blow” of Juan Domingo Perón; nevertheless, his candidacy was not seen with good eyes within the Peronist groups because they considered him lukewarm and without political formation.
Perón designated Campora as his candidate because he could no longer be due to a decree of Alejandro Agustín Lanusse, who established that to be a presidential candidate it was necessary to reside permanently in Argentina and not travel abroad for more than fifteen days without informing the Ministry inland.
Campora won the election thanks to the fact that another of the formulas resigned from the candidacy, but he was only in front of the power just over a me, because the real ruler was Perón. According to historians, Campora consulted Juan Domingo for any decision making.
He resigned days later but would witness the coup d’etat of March 24, 1976. An armed group entered his house and tried to assassinate him, but managed to escape to the Mexican embassy in Argentina. He and his family lived there for 3 years and it was until 1979 that they arrived in Mexico. He died of throat cancer in 1980.
7. SHAH OF IRAN
Mohammed Reza Palheví was the last Shah of Iran and his family had to take refuge in Mexican lands after the Islamic revolution, with the support of characters such as David Rockefeller (American tycoon) made it possible for the family to settle and get the support of the government of Joseph Lopez Portillo
8. FIDEL CASTRO
In 1950, the young Fidel Castro tried to overthrow the dictator Fulgencio Batista, however he failed in his assignment and ended up in jail, where he spent 2 years.
Once free he applied for asylum in Mexico and arrived in our country in 1955. The revolutionary landed in Mérida and passed through Campeche and Veracruz before arriving in Mexico City, where his brother Raul and other colleagues were waiting for him. His meeting place was the house of the Cuban María Antonia González in the Tabacalera neighborhood.
In the department of the Tabacalera neighborhood, Castro met Ernesto ‘Che’ Guevara, who joined the movement to end the Cuban dictatorship
9. HORTENSIA BUSSI
After a coup d’etat towards Salvador Allende, president of Chile at that time, Luis Echeverría sent a plane to take the wife from the overthrown Allende.
10. RIGOBERTA MENCHÚ
The defender of Human Rights came to our country to escape the repression that existed in Guatemala. From the age of 19 he was an activist and began a military service in the Peasant Unity Committee (CUC) that demanded better working conditions and recognition of the indigenous population of that country.
He arrived in Mexico at age 21 after the murders of his family: his younger brother was kidnapped and killed by the army, his father burned alive along with twenty-nine other occupants of the Spanish embassy and, a few months later, his mother was also killed .
Menchu arrived in Chiapas and was protected by Bishop Samuel Ruíz García. From our country he wrote his autobiography and began traveling the world exposing the injustices to which the Guatemalan people were subjected.
In 1992 she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and is currently engaged in activities in favor of human rights.
11. MANUEL ZELAYA
Although in 2009 Manuel Zelaya was accused by the Supreme Court of Honduras of treason and was removed from the office of president, the then Mexican president, Felipe Calderón Hinojosa received Honduran honors.
However, Zelaya only spent two days in Mexico and subsequently left the country without knowing the reasons well.
The Honduran, who is currently the General Coordinator of the Free Party, said that what happened in Bolivia was clearly a coup d’etat.
The Mazatlan Post