From Bean to Bar: The Journey of Mexican Chocolate


Have you ever wondered how chocolate is made? Let’s take a delightful journey through its production in Mexico, where ancient customs and modern techniques blend to create delicious treats. 

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1. Cultivating Cacao Beans: A Labor of Love

The journey begins in the lush tropical regions of Mexico, where cacao trees thrive in the warm climate. Indigenous communities, like the Maya and the Aztecs, have been cultivating cacao for centuries. 

They carefully tend to the cacao trees, nurturing them as they grow and bear fruit. It might seem simple, but it’s a long and arduous process. 

2. Harvesting and Fermenting

When the cacao pods ripen, skilled farmers handpick them from the trees. Inside each pod are cacao beans, surrounded by a sweet, tangy pulp. 

These are very gently removed and left to ferment in wooden boxes or baskets. During fermentation, natural enzymes develop and enhance the flavors.

Best Types To Use:

  • Criollo: Known for its delicate flavor and aroma, their beans are highly prized by chocolatiers for their complex profile.
  • Forastero: With a robust flavor and high yield, Forastero is often used in blends to add depth and richness to the taste.
  • Trinitario: A hybrid of Criollo and Forastero, these combine the best of both worlds, offering a balance of flavor and productivity.

3. Drying Under the Sun

After fermentation, the cacao beans are spread out to dry under the warm sun. This crucial step reduces moisture content and further develops the intense flavors. Farmers carefully check them, turning them regularly to ensure even drying.

4. Roasting to Perfection

Once dried, they are roasted to perfection. Roasting brings out the complex flavors locked within the kernels and adds depth. Traditional Mexican artisans often roast over an open flame, infusing them with a smoky aroma.

5. Grinding and Refining

Now comes the magical transformation from solid to liquid. The roasted cacao is cracked open and the nibs inside are ground into a thick paste called chocolate liquor. This contains cocoa solids and cocoa butter, the two key ingredients.

6. Adding Sweetness and Flavor

To create the perfect balance of sweetness and flavor, the liquor is mixed with sugar and sometimes other ingredients like cinnamon or vanilla. This mixture is then ground and refined further until it reaches a soft, velvety consistency.

7. Molding and Tempering

The liquid is then poured into molds and left to cool and solidify. This process, known as tempering, ensures that it has a glossy finish and a satisfying snap when broken. Skilled chocolatiers in Mexico take great care here. They use well-established methods passed down through generations.

8. Enjoying the Fruits of Labor

Finally, the finished product is ready to be enjoyed! Whether in the form of rich hot, velvety truffles, or decadent bars, Mexican chocolate delights the senses with its deep, complex flavors and smooth texture. It’s no wonder that it has been cherished there for centuries as a symbol of love, luxury, and celebration.

A Taste of A Rich Heritage

In Mexico, chocolate is a cultural treasure, deeply rooted in the history and traditions of the land. It’s worth observing and reckoning as a way of artistic storytelling. So the next time you indulge in a piece, take a moment to savor not just the flavor, but the centuries-old trade that brought it to you.

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