The approved reform, which passed to the Senate, establishes free and public medical services for those without social security.
The Chamber of Deputies reformed the General Health Law to eliminate Seguro Popular Insurance and create instead the National Institute of Health for Welfare (Insabi).
With 290 votes in favor, 65 against and 42 abstentions, aspects related to the free provision of medical services, medicines, and other supplies were also approved throughout the law.
The reform seeks to establish a free public health system in Mexico for people without social security, similar to Canada, the United Kingdom or Denmark.
The Insabi will increase its coverage in the country as the states sign an agreement with the Ministry of Health so that, in exchange for the Institute assuming medical services in its territory, each entity provides resources based on what is established in the agreement. The federal budget that corresponds to them in the matter will be exercised by Insabi.
The opinion was sent to the Senate for review, with the divided vote of almost all the political parties, including Morena. The PAN objected by stating that Insabi will operate in the opacity and there is no budget to reach the promised coverage.
The plenary of the Chamber of Deputies yesterday approved the reform of the General Health Law that eliminates Seguro Popular Insurance and instead creates the National Institute of Health for Welfare (Insabi); In addition, it approves the entire law regarding the free provision of health services, medications, and other supplies.
290 votes in favor and 65 against received the reform to create the National Institute of Health for Welfare
This is the reform requested by President Andrés Manuel López Obrador and proposed by Deputy Mario Delgado, which seeks to establish a public health service in Mexico that has a range of free care to all people in this country who do not have social security, with a system similar to that of Canada, United Kingdom or Denmark.
By 2019, half of the Mexican population, that is, around 64 million people, lack access to social security and around 20 million Mexicans are not affiliated with social security or Popular Insurance, ”said the President of the Health Commission, Miroslava Sánchez, when presenting the opinion in tribune.
The reform was approved with 290 votes in favor, 42 abstentions and 65 against, and was sent to the Senate for review, with the divided vote of almost all the benches, including Morena, where some were absent. The PAN voted against arguing that an institute that will operate in the opacity is being created, that the country does not have the budget to carry out a coverage of the level that they promise and that they are “killing” Popular Insurance being one of the best institutions evaluated by citizens.
The opinion indicates that Insabi will increase its coverage throughout the country as the states sign an agreement with the Ministry of Health. In exchange for the institute to take charge of the health service in its territory, each signatory entity will make contributions of resources based on what is established in the agreement, as well as the federal resources that correspond to it in the matter will be exercised by the Insabi.
Approximately 20 million Mexicans are not affiliated with social security or Popular Insurance
Of the 36 reservations presented during the debate, only three accepted.
The first, by the Morenista deputy Manuel Huerta, establishes sanctions on the states if they fail to comply with their contributions. These will be fixed in the agreement with Insabi.
The other reservation, of the deputy of the Social Encounter Party, Manuel Baldenebro, establishes a period of three years from the entry into force of the decree for the Insabi to submit a report of compliance with universal coverage; that is, if it enters into force this year its results will be measured until the end of 2022.
The replacement of the Catastrophic Expenditure Fund by the Health Fund for Welfare is also established.
Finally, remove the funds from catastrophic expenses, centralize the system and do it with the opacity with what they want to do, a small part of a transitory to have 40 billion pesos without saying for what or how or when or where or where or how and then they inform us, and in a trust? You have to be consistent. What a shame if they approve the opinion, gentlemen. We are going to vote against, of course, ”said Panista deputy Éctor Jaime Ramírez during his participation in the rostrum.
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