95 percent of the national total is obtained from Yucatán, Campeche and Baja California
Mexico ranks as the third-largest producer of octopus worldwide, and 95 percent of the national total is obtained from three states in the country: Yucatán, Campeche, and Baja California.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development ( Sader ) points out that the fishery falls mainly on two species: Octopus Maya called red octopus, and Octopus Vulgaris or patón octopus, which are found on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean.
He says that Yucatan contributes 67.5 percent of the octopus catch throughout the country, and in terms of its export, Mexico sells octopus with the three largest importing countries: Spain, Japan, and Italy.
The Mexican octopus is one of the fisheries that stand out for its high quality and nutritional value, in addition to its high production and good marketing systems. It is a delicacy that can be enjoyed fresh or canned, to be prepared and consumed in a wide range of dishes, depending on the region.
This species is a rich source of vitamins B3 and B12, with an important content of potassium, iodine, selenium, calcium, sodium, phosphorus and a large amount of proteins that primarily help to maintain the skin, muscles, hair, and nails. .
In addition, red octopus saliva could help against Alzheimer’s
UNAM researcher says it could contain agents against the disease
The researcher of the Faculty of Chemistry of the UNAM unit Sisal, in Yucatán, Sergio Rodríguez, and his team study the saliva of the red octopus , which could contain agents against the disease of Alzheimer’s
When analyzing this saliva, university students distinguished that its content could contribute to understanding the mechanism of that condition ; “However, much research is missing,” he said in a statement from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM).
They also identified that it contains a “cocktail” of polypeptides, proteins, free amino acids, enzymes, ions and carbohydrates that have two essential phases during the octopus feeding process: a metabolic fraction and a neurotoxic.
The results in the laboratory revealed that the neurotoxic effect is generated by small molecules, which “when we inject only this part of the venom we notice that the prey stops for two hours and then returns to normal.”
In addition, when they tested the metabolic compounds of the venom, which help pre-digestion, they noticed that the proteases kill the prey and in 20 minutes they transform the fibrous meat into an easy-to-ingest gel.
From this, Rodriguez stressed, it was considered that these enzymes could serve industrial purposes as meat softeners or detergents.
The Chemistry unit in Sisal is the only one to study the possible applications of saliva, in addition to conducting studies related to aquaculture and biotechnology of this cephalopod, he said.
The Mazatlan Post