20% of the population of these three states live in conditions of extreme poverty, according to the latest Coneval report; We tell you which are the 10 states with more poverty in the country.
Located in southern Mexico, Chiapas, Guerrero, and Oaxaca are the states with the greatest poverty and extreme poverty.
In Chiapas, 83% of its population lacks social security; in Guerrero, 58% do not have basic housing services and, in Oaxaca, 35% do not have access to food. These figures are a picture of the deficiencies suffered by 60% of the population of these entities that live in conditions of poverty and 20% in extreme poverty, according to the report “10 years of poverty measurement in Mexico, 2008 -2010 ”presented this Monday by the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (Coneval) .
Since 2008, Coneval measures poverty through a multidimensional method that provides a more detailed picture. For this, it analyzes six indicators: current per capita income, educational lag, access to health services, access to social security, quality and spaces in the home and, finally, access to basic housing services.
Although in the last decade Chiapas presented a 0.6% decrease in the population living in poverty, this entity is located in the first place in the measurement of 2018. In these years it went from having 77 to 76.4% of its inhabitants in that condition.
As far as extreme poverty is concerned, there was also a 9% decrease; however, it remains the state with the highest percentage of the population in that condition. In 2008, it had a 38.7 and today is 29.7.
For Chiapas, the lack of access to social security is one of the indicators with the worst numbers, because 83% lack them; This lack is followed by the dream of basic services in housing, with 57%, and educational lag, with 29%
Governed by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), this entity presents a decrease of 2% of Mexicans in poverty, passing, in 2008, from 68.4 to 66.5% in 2018, however, it remains the second state with a higher percentage of the population in those conditions.
In the last decade, the percentage of Guerrero in poverty has fluctuated between 64 and 69.7%, so it has remained in the first places of the less favored entities.
With regard to extreme poverty, today 26.8% of its inhabitants suffer from this condition. In the last decade, this percentage decreased by 5.6%.
The indicator that presents an unoptimistic outlook is that of social security because, until 2018, 75% lacked access to it. 58% of Guerrero does not have basic services in the home and 35% lack access to food.
Located in the southwest region of Mexico, Oaxaca is the third state with the highest percentage of its population in conditions of poverty: 66.4. From 2008 to 2018, it increased from 61.8 to 66.4, even in 2016 it reached 70.4%.
As for the population in conditions of extreme poverty, although there was a reduction of 5.1% in the last 10 years, today 23.3% of its population is located in that condition, which places it as the third entity with more inhabitants with deficiencies below the welfare line.
The data is not very promising for the inhabitants of Oaxaca since 76% still lack access to social security, 58% of basic services in housing and 27% to food.
This entity in the Gulf of Mexico is located as the fourth state with the highest percentage of the population in poverty and extreme poverty. In 2008, the percentage of Veracruz residents living in poverty was 51.2%; for 2018 it is 61.8%, that is, 10.6% more.
Regarding extreme poverty, Veracruz spent 10 years from having 16.8 to 17.7% of its population in that condition; that is, the population in poverty increased by 1.2 million.
The main lack suffered by Veracruz people is access to social security, followed by basic housing services and lack of food.
This one of the three states of the center of the country that appear in the ranking of states with the highest percentage of the population in poverty and extreme poverty, the other two are Morelos and Tlaxcala.
From 2008 to 2018, the entity had a decrease in the percentage of the population living in poverty, from 64.6 to 58.9%. However, it is the fifth nationwide entity with the highest percentage of the population in poverty.
With regard to extreme poverty, Puebla showed a significant decrease from 19% to 8.6% in the same period.
72% of the people lack access to social security; while 26% report a lack of basic services in their home.
The land where President Andrés Manuel López Obrador was born is the sixth state with a high percentage of its population in poverty. The last measurement made by Coneval shows that until 2018, 53.6% of its inhabitants presented poverty. It only had a 0.2% decrease in the last decade.
As far as extreme poverty is concerned, this entity from the Gulf of Mexico achieved a decrease of 3.5% in 2008 from 15.8% to 12.3% in 2018.
Of the indicators measured by Coneval, the lack of access to social security is the one that reports a high percentage in the Veracruz population with 69%, followed by lack of access to food and lack of basic services in the home with 46 %.
Located in the center of the country and currently governed by the Social and Morena Encounter Party, this entity increased the percentage of the population living in poverty in the last 10 years. In 2008, 48.8 of the Morelenses lived in that condition, 10 years later the percentage is 50.8.
While in extreme poverty, this entity decreased the percentage of the population in this condition by going from 8.7 to 7.4% in the same period.
Like most of the states, the main fault that Morelos reports is access to social security, with 66%, followed by lack of food with 24%.
Considered as one of the smallest states by its territorial extension and by the number of inhabitants, this state of the center of the country reports to 48.4% of its inhabitants in poverty.
In the last decade, it went from having 59.6% of its inhabitants in poverty to 48.4%, which represents a decrease of 11.2%.
With regard to extreme poverty, it also shows a decrease from 9.5 to 3.1, that is, 6.4 percent less than Tlaxcalan.
According to Coneval, 67% of the inhabitants of Tlaxcala lack access to social security; while 20% feed.
It is the only state in the north of the country that ranks in the ranking with a high percentage of its population in poverty.
From 2008 to 2018, it went from having 50.1% of its population in that situation to 46.8%, that is, there was a decrease of 3.4%, however, it is still ranked among the 10 entities with the highest percentage of its inhabitants with basic deficiencies.
Regarding extreme poverty, Zacatecas also shows a decrease from 9.5% to 3.4% in the same period.
The main lack of Zacatecans is access to social security. According to Coneval’s report, 62% do not enjoy it.
Headquarters of the walled city, Campeche is one of the 10 states with the highest percentage of poverty. Today 46.2% of its population is in this situation, just 0.4% less than what it reported in 2008 when it was 45.9%.
Regarding the population in extreme poverty, in the last 10 years, it achieved a 2.1% decrease from 11.9 to 9.8.
The main shortcomings reported by this state are access to social security with 61% and basic housing services with 39%.
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